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Home / Opinion / Op-Ed Contributors

Rising pork prices a lesson, not a crisis

By Yao Yuxin | China Daily | Updated: 2019-09-21 06:50
Citizens in Zhengzhou buy pork at a local supermarket, Jan 27, 2019. [Photo/IC]
武汉女人 近年来,山城重庆通过科学规划布局夜市街区、开展夜市文化节活动、完善夜市配套设施等举措,加快夜市改造提升,鼓励引导夜市消费,大力发展夜间餐饮、旅游、体育健身、文化娱乐活动等,满足市民和游客多元化消费需求,增强夜市消费活力,丰富夜经济文化内涵,打造夜市品牌,重庆“夜经济”蓬勃发展,活力十足。 论坛资讯   1907年3月,听说藏经洞消息的英国人斯坦因迫不及待地赶到敦煌,以四块马蹄银(约二百两)从王圆箓处换得写经200捆、文书24箱和绢画丝织物5大箱。 创业资讯 2019-08-2008:392019年8月1日,在坦桑尼亚桑给巴尔,中国第29批援桑给巴尔医疗队员林小俊(右)与当地医院的医生一起为白内障患者伊萨·哈米斯·伊萨做手术。 宠物论坛 小康营乡 创业资讯 旭光村 母婴在线 新胜堡

Editor's Note: Pork prices have been rising for months. In August, pork prices soared 46.7 percent year-on-year and 19.7 percentage points from the previous month, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on Sept 10. Two experts share their views on how to solve the pig farming sector's short-term and long-term problems with China Daily's Yao Yuxin. Excerpts follow:

Raise output, not imports, to meet pork demand

Pork prices were on a downward trend after reaching a cyclical peak in June 2016, and slid at a rapid pace in the second quarter of 2018, prompting many pig farmers to reduce their stocks. While in the first half of 2018, some pig farms in the southern regions were shut down for environmental protection reasons, the outbreak of African swine fever in August 2018 led to the culling of pigs, further reducing the pig stock in the country.

But raising pigs is still a big source of income for low-income households in rural areas and can help many of them emerge out of poverty. As such, market factors, not administrative means, should be responsible, if at all, for the individual pig farmers' decision to withdraw from the market.

As of now, the shortage of sows and worries about African swine fever are preventing farmers from increasing production. So the authorities need to strengthen quarantine rules, and pig farmers should follow bio-safety methods and learn how to prevent diseases from spreading while raising pigs.

Besides, since pork has to be delivered to distant places from slaughter houses and distribution centers, it is necessary to build bio-safe cold storages to prevent contamination and ensure food safety.

China can import pork to fill the supply gap to a certain extent. But since it has a huge market of more than 1.3 billion consumers, China cannot rely on imports to meet the nationwide demand for pork. Therefore, restoring domestic productivity to the optimum level to meet the demand should be a priority for the authorities.

Zhu Zengyong, a researcher at the Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

More supply of substitutes can ease consumers' burden

Rising pork prices have also driven up the prices of substitute products, thereby increasing the consumer price index. In fact, in August the CPI increased 2.8 percent year-on-year.

Thanks to the rising income levels of urban and rural residents, most Chinese consumers can afford to pay higher prices for pork. But since low-income families cannot afford higher prices, the authorities have offered subsidies to such families to enable them to buy a certain amount of pork at a discount at some selected outlets.

Of course, the authorities should encourage pig farmers to raise more pigs, but they should also ensure the farmers strictly follow national safety and hygiene standards in order to prevent any disease outbreak. Also, insurance should be extended to all pig farmers, especially small farmers, to cover the losses they could suffer.

Moreover, research on developing vaccines for infections and diseases in animals should be accelerated to deal with future epidemic threats. In this regard, the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences has recently announced that it has made a breakthrough in this direction.

It is also important to strike a balance between environmental protection and pig farming.

Thanks to preferential policies, a growing number of farmers are likely to raise more pigs to address the shortage. But as it takes time to raise pigs, pork prices could further increase in the next six months or year.

Pork production is down by 10 million tons compared with last year according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. But if there is enough supply of substitutes such as beef, mutton and chicken, the effects of rising pork prices on consumers can be eased to some extent.

Ye Xingqing, director-general of the Research Department of Rural Economy, Development Research Center of the State Council

The views don't necessarily represent those of China Daily.

  
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